Note: Many important articles are contained in the books and special journal issues noted above, but are not listed below (to avoid duplication).
[AAPBioethics1995] http://aappolicy.aappublications.org/cgi/content/abstract/pediatrics;95/2/314.. Informed consent, parental permission, and assent in pediatric practice. Pediatrics 1995;95(2):314-7. Available online at
[AAPGenetics2000] http://aappolicy.aappublications.org/cgi/content/full/pediatrics;106/1/138.. Evaluation of the newborn with developmental anomalies of the external genitalia. Pediatrics 2000;106(1 Pt 1):138-42. Available online at
[Baskin1999]. Anatomical studies of the human clitoris. Journal of Urology 1999;162(3 Part 2):1015-20.
[Bin-Abbas1999]. Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and micropenis: Why sex reversal is not indicated. Journal of Pediatrics 1999;134(5):579-83.
[Catlin1998]. Ethical commentary on gender reassignment: A complex and provocative modern issue. Pediatric Nursing 1998;24(1):63-5+99.
[Creighton2001b] http://www.thelancet.com.. Objective cosmetic and anatomical outcomes at adolescence of feminising surgery for ambiguous genitalia done in childhood. Lancet 2001;358(9276):124-5. Available online (with free subscription) at
[Eckman2001]. Patient-centered decision making: A view of the past and a look toward the future. Med Decis Making 2001;21(3):241-7.
[Foley1992] http://www.isna.org/pdf/foley-morley.pdf.. Care and counseling of the patient with vaginal agenesis. The Female Patient 1992;17(October):73-80. Available from
[Greenberg1998]. Defining male and female: Intersexuality and the collision between law and biology. Arizona Law Review 1998;41(2):265-328.
[Hester2004] http://www.ars-rhetorica.net/David/InformedConsent.pdf.. Intersex(es) and informed consent: How physicians’ rhetoric constrains choice. Theor Med Bioeth 2004;25(1):21-49. Available from
[ISNAFAQ2005] http://www.isna.org/faq/.. Frequently asked questions about intersex. 2005. Available online at
[Minto2003] http://www.thelancet.com/.. The effect of clitoral surgery on sexual outcome in individuals who have intersex conditions with ambiguous genitalia: A cross-sectional study. Lancet 2003;361(9365):1252-7. Available online (with free subscription) at
[Reiner2004] http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/350/4/333.. Discordant sexual identity in some genetic males with cloacal exstrophy assigned to female sex at birth. N Engl J Med 2004;350(4):333-41. Available online (with free subscription) at
[Schober1998a]. Feminizing genitoplasty for intersex. In Pediatric Surgery and Urology: Long Term Outcomes, Stringer M, Oldham K, Mouriquand P, Howard E, eds. London: W.B. Saunders; 1998:549-58.
[Williams2002] http://www.bodieslikeours.org/content/view/145/170/.. The Imposition of gender: Psychoanalytic encounters with genital atypicality. Psychoanalytic Psychology 2002;19(3):455-74. Available online at